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Amazingly beautiful town with its thousand-year history Vladimir is located in the very heart of the country, in its European part. It is considered to be one of the most notable cities of Golden Ring of Russia thanks to great number of historical and cultural monuments, unique nature, profitable economic and transport location. And there is every reason for it.
The location of the town was determined by strong fortress, which was built by Vladimir Monomakh on the bank of the Klyazma river in 1108. The borders of the fortress were numerous deep gullies. They surrounded the fortress from all sides. Big dirt walls and wooden walls were built by the builders along the perimeter of the fortress. You can use them to watch out for the enemy. The new fortification point was named after its founder Vladimir.
The Monomakh’s son Yury Dolgorukiy lost interest in the struggle for Kiev throne and started inhabiting northern lands intensively. They were rich in natural resources and free from large-scale town building. Moscow, Pereslavl-Zalesky, Dmitrov, Zvenigorod and etc. were founded as a result of his activity. In Vladimir Yury Dolgorukiy built princely yard with white-stone church named after Georgiy, his tutelary saint. The yard was located in the southern part of the town, strengthening the fortress capabilities, which were perfect even without it.
The town rapidly developed, new buildings, churches and monasteries appeared. New governor of Vladimir Andrey Bogolubsky, Yury Dolgorukiy’s son, made the town the capital of Vladimir princedom and started grand construction, which strengthened the might of the town and made it more influential. Brother’s work was continued by Vsevolod the Big Nest who received this nickname thanks to his numerous descendants. This was the golden age of Vladimir town building.
The town was subjected to attack of Tatars in 1238 and was completely fired and destroyed. Moscow state gained strength and the former capital of Vladimir princedom entered the state as a usual town. Stone construction resumed from time to time, but multiple attacks and plunders reduced the efforts of the architects to minimum. In spite of it, the town has kept the biggest part of its architectural and historical monuments, which still amaze the guests with its uniqueness and variety. The town started growing and its newly-built houses moved out of the fortress. The settlements appeared one after another – Yamskaya, Streletskaya, Varvarka and etc. Intricate winding streets twined about the town, old wooden houses were gradually replaced by stony buildings. Vladimir received the status of the centre of the province in1719, then it became the centre of the region ruled by governor-general and it became the capital of Vladimir province in 1796.
Vladimir is a regional centre with well-developed industry, huge educational base, rich cultural and historical inheritance. Big number of Russian and foreign tourists come to the city and every tourist finds something interesting and knowledgeable there.
The construction built at the times of Andrey Bogolubskiy is a main entrance to the territory of ancient Vladimir. All notable and distinguished guests of the city were met here and the warriors were sent to war here. Besides, the gates are well adapted for the defense. Now the war historical diorama, which demonstrates weapon and military uniform of different times, is located at the place.
It was built in 1194-1197 in the name of saint Dmitriy Solunsky dedicated to the birth of the prince’s son. This is a typical example of Russian architecture of the 12th century in its composition. The laconic architecture with simple forms gives simple and grand view to the cathedral.
Built in 1158-1160 by Prince Andrey, the cathedral was initially devised as a first capital cathedral church. Later the side galleries were added to it and the Alter was widened. Wall paintings of brilliant artist Andrey Rublev have remined in the Assumption Cathedral until now.
The convent was built in the 13th century by the princess Maria and served as a family burial vault for females of Vladimir princely house. The princess Maria with her sister, daughter and wife of Alexander Nevsky were buried there at different times.
It was founded by prince Vsevolod as a monastery in 1191. Famous military leader Alexander Nevsky was buried there. There is a Vladimir-Suzdal Episcopal residence there in our days.
The church was built on the place of the burnt wooden church in 1761. The influence of baroque style hasn’t affected the brains of town builders, therefore the architecture of the church is simple and is deprived of the pretentious décor. There is a city planetarium in this building at present.
Vladimir historical museum is of big interest to guests of the city. It was founded in 1854 on the order of principal committee. The building of the museum was renovated not long ago and the initial look was given back to it again. All those who wish can visit the new exhibition, telling about the history and unique nature of Vladimir region, famous people, who influenced its formation and development.
Architectural and cultural monuments of the city are united together to form the State Vladimir-Suzdal culture preserve created in 1956. There are 56 historical monuments of Suzdal, Gus Khrustalny and other towns. The directors’ office and several notable expositions are located in Vladimir, giving the guests of the city a remarkable opportunity to become absorbed into legendary past of the region.